String in-depth

Lets try to learn some useful function in the str class

Universal newlines support

In windows new lines should be represented by the carriage return at new line couplet \r\n. In linux it is simply \n

Operating System New line character
Windows \r\n
Linux \n

In python new line character is \n

>>> msg="Hello\nWorld"
>>> print(msg)

Length of a String

We can use python built in function len() to find Length of a String

>>> len("HelloHowAreyou")

Concatenation using +

>>> "Hello" + "World" + "Python"

Concatenation using join

Join is a method on str which takes a collection of strings as an argument and produces a new string by inserting a separator between each of them.

>>> ",".join(["Hello","World","Python"])

Join using empty

>>> "".join(["Hello","World","Python"])

Split Strings

Strings can be splitted using split function

>>> "Hello,World,Python".split(",")
['Hello', 'World', 'Python']


It divides a string into three sections, the part before the separator, the separator itself, and the part after the separator. The partition() method divides a string into three around a separator: prefix, separator, suffix

>>> source,seperator,destination="LondonToNewyork".partition("To")   
>>> source                                                           
>>> seperator                                                        
>>> destination                                                      

Using underscore

>>> source,_,destination="LondonToNewyork".partition("To")               
>>> source                                                               
>>> destination                                                          
>>> _                                                                    

Note: _ underscore variable is for unused or dummy values

Replacement using format function

Token Replacement in python can be done using format function

>>> "The age of {0} is {1} years".format("sun",4.6e9)
'The age of sun is 4600000000.0 years'

You can repeat the index

>>> "The age of {0} is {1} years.{0} is very old".format("sun",4.6e9)
'The age of sun is 4600000000.0 years.sun is very old'

Keyword arguments

>>> "The age of {name} is {age} years".format(name="sun",age=4.6e9)
'The age of sun is 4600000000.0 years'

You can pass tuple or list

>>> "The age of {position[0]} is {position[1]} years".format(position=["sun",4.6e9])
'The age of sun is 4600000000.0 years'

Pass object

>>> import math
>>> "Math constants pi={m.pi}, Euler's number e={m.e}".format(m=math)
"Math constants pi=3.141592653589793, Euler's number e=2.718281828459045"

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